HIM and HER in 1840
The 20-year-old Queen Victoria married her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in the Chapel Royal at St James’s Palace in London on 10th
February, 1840. They went on to have nine children together.
BUSY, BUSY MILLERS
At the beginning of the last century there were as many as 200 working mills in Hampshire, although very few have survived until today. Most of the
mills were situated on the many chalk streams in the county, which provided the power needed to turn the machinery, but these were costly to maintain and corn iron and paper production dwindled
NEW SCHOOL IN 1840
Southampton’s Highfield Church of England School welcomed its first pupils in 1840 to its original premises, comprising the Master’s House and one
classroom. At that time Highfield was considered to be a rural community with pupils attending a country school, which served as agricultural area. In 1869 the school logbook reported: “School short,
haymaking” while a year later says: “Grass crop, a failure.”
ALL FOR A KNOCK ON THE HEAD
Back in the 18th century Hampshire people convicted of even the most trivial offences faced harsh punishment at the hands of judges sitting in local
courts. For instance, one local man was sentenced to “two months of hard servitude” at Winchester prison after being convicted of stealing a piece of bread. Another defendant, who knocked a man on
the head with a stick in the New Forest, was ordered to be transported to Australia for the rest of his life.
IRISH MASS STARVATION
The potato crop, which formed a staple of the Irish diet, was destroyed by blight before it could be harvested in 1846. Agitation in and outside
Parliament caused by the food shortages led prime minister Sir Robert Peel to repeal the Corn Laws, which artificially inflated the price of grain in the interests of landowners and made it
impossible for Irish people to buy bread. One and half million people died in the famine, and another two million emigrated to more hospitable shores, mainly the USA.
THE FUTURE IS BRIGHTER
Four War Memorials in Hampshire have been listed at Grade II on the advice of Historic England. Built in the aftermath of the First World War the
memorials were among tens of thousands that were erected across England in memory of the many people who lost their lives in the conflict, never to return home.
In place of graves, these memorials became focal points for local communities to mourn and honour their dead. Shipton Bellinger, Ewshot, Aldershot Cenotaph and Ecchinswell are the four newly-listed
monuments in the county which will now be preserves and protected.
Originally known as ‘Holie Rood’ in the 16th Century, Southampton’s Holy Rood Church, in the High Street, can trace its history back for more than
1,000 years. Stone from Caen in France, was brought to Southampton for use in the construction of the church, which has always been closely linked with ships and seafarers. In earlier times sailors
would say prayers in the church before voyages and again on their return to port.
FROM THE ARCHIVES
8th November, 1819 Hampshire Chronicle
Should this not have been 2019? Has nothing changed?
A correspondent observes that the present distress of the country does not appear to rise from the state of the money market, or any default ruling powers, but chiefly from the
poverty of the continent of Europe and its consequence, the want of market for our manufacturers.