general

LOST FOR 77 YEARS

     HMS Urge was a British U-class submarine of the second group of that class, built by Vickers Armstrong in Barrow-in-Furness. She was laid down on 30 October 1939 and was commissioned on 12 December 1940. From 1941-2 she formed part of the Submarine Flotilla based in Malta and was the only Royal Navy ship to have borne the name. Urge spent most of her career operating in the Mediterranean, where she damaged or sank a number of mostly Italian warships and merchant vessels and took part in special operations. She was commanded by Lieutenant-Commander Edward P. Tomkinson, DSO, RN. In 1975 a building at HMS Dolphin in Gosport was named after Lieutenant-Commander Tomkinson, alongside others named after other leading Royal Navy World War II submarine captains. Reports in late October 2019 stated that remains of the submarine had been found off the coast of Malta.
     HMS Urge put to sea on April 27th but failed to make an expected rendezvous in Alexandria on May 6th. with 29 crew and 10 passengers. Until the discovery of her wreck in 2019, her final fate was not completely certain. It was believed that the submarine was most likely sunk by a mine (while she was still on the surface) soon after exiting the Grand Harbour. Other reports suggested the vessel was sunk by an Italian dive bomber while attacking an Italian ship off Libya. The explosion was so violent that the bow of the submarine became detached and she sunk suddenly, with no survivors. 
     The Second World War submarine which was built with money raised by the people of Bridgend, South Wales, has now been found 77 years after vanishing with 44 people on board in 130 metres (430 ft) of water two miles off the coast of Malta. The search was conducted by staff from the University of Malta, in an area that had been heavily mined during the war. The UK Ministry of Defence confirmed the wreck is the missing submarine. The wreck has heavy damage to the bow consistent with striking a mine. The rest of the wreck is said to be in "fantastic condition." A ceremony to declare the site an official war grave will take place in April next year.

 

SOUTHSEA CASTLE

     Southsea Castle, historically also known as Chaderton Castle, South Castle and Portsea Castle, is an artillery fort originally constructed by Henry VIII on Portsea Island, Hampshire, in 1544. It formed part of the King's Device programme to protect against invasion from France and the Holy Roman Empire, and defended the Solent and the eastern approach to Portsmouth.

     The castle was built on the southern end of Portsea Island to protect a deep-water channel running through the Solent to the royal naval base at Portsmouth. Work began in early 1544, under the overall direction of Sir Anthony Knyvett, the Governor of Portsmouth, supported by Richard Cawarden, the Dean of Chichester, and John Chatterton, the captain of the Porstmouth garrison; Thomas Bertie was appointed as the master mason. It is uncertain who designed the castle, although Knyvett described it as being "of his Majesty's own device", which typically indicated that the King had taken a personal role.      The castle had a square central keep, two rectangular gun platforms to the east and west, and two angled bastions to the front and rear. The defences were upgraded throughout the century due to the fears of a French invasion and formed part of the plan for defending Portsmouth during the First World War. In the interwar years some of the fortifications were stood down, but the castle saw service again in the Second World War, when it was involved in Operation Grasp, the seizure of French naval vessels in Portsmouth harbour. In 1960,

     Southsea Castle, by now obsolete, was sold to Portsmouth City Council. It was restored to its pre-1850 appearance and opened as a tourist attraction, receiving over 90,000 visitors from 2011–12. 
     The castle houses a collection of cannon. Two of these, a 68-pounder (30.8 kg) and an RML 9-inch 12 ton (22.8 cm 12.192 kg) gun, are location in the grounds, and within the castle itself is a 24-pounder (10.8 kg) from HMS Royal George, an RML 9 pounder 8 cwt (4 kg 406 kg) and two hexagonally rifled Witworth 3-pounder (1.3 kg) breech-loaders dating from 1876. The castle is protected under UK law as a Scheduled Ancient Monument..

 

 

PARISHES

THE FUTURE IS BRIGHTER

     Four War Memorials in Hampshire have been listed at Grade II on the advice of Historic England. Built in the aftermath of the First World War the memorials were among tens of thousands that were erected across England in memory of the many people who lost their lives in the conflict, never to return home.
In place of graves, these memorials became focal points for local communities to mourn and honour their dead. Shipton Bellinger, Ewshot, Aldershot Cenotaph and Ecchinswell are the four newly-listed monuments in the county which will now be preserves and protected.

 

HOLY ROOD

     Originally known as ‘Holie Rood’ in the 16th Century, Southampton’s Holy Rood Church, in the High Street, can trace its history back for more than 1,000 years. Stone from Caen in France, was brought to Southampton for use in the construction of the church, which has always been closely linked with ships and seafarers. In earlier times sailors would say prayers in the church before voyages and again on their return to port.

 

 

FROM THE ARCHIVES

     8th November, 1819 Hampshire Chronicle
Should this not have been 2019? Has nothing changed?

     A correspondent observes that the present distress of the country does not appear to rise from the state of the money market, or any default ruling powers, but chiefly from the poverty of the continent of Europe and its consequence, the want of market for our manufacturers.

 

NOW AND THEN AT ROYDON

     While I was on holiday recently, I stayed in a small village in Essex called Roydon which for some years during the early years of the last century, was the home of my grandfather. He was a policeman and stayed in the Police house for about eight years during which time five of his children were born. I wanted to see if I could find the house which I knew also had a cell of prisoners. On one Christmas day he shared a drink with a prisoner in the cell, but the news got out somehow and he was punished by being moved to another village where three more children were born.
     I knew from my researches where the police house had been so made my way to the war memorial, as the census showed me that it was on the opposite side of the road. I found some ‘replacement stocks’ there and some local elderly persons just coming out of the church nearby. We stopped and exchanged greetings and I told them that I was looking for the site of the original  police house. None of them seemed to know anything about its whereabouts and pointed out the stocks which had recently been renewed.      They told me about the village website and how good it was. I then opened up my folder and showed them the map of the village and where the police house was, the village school, the war memorial and all its names and they were rather surprised I had found so much. One asked if they could have a copy to put on their ‘excellent’ web site. I said I would send them one, but I was quite surprised that the elderly locals knew so little about their village and its history.

 

AND WHAT IS NOGGING?

     The Golden Hind is a public house in Copnor Road in Portsmouth which was built in 1929 and is a fine example of a Portsmouth pub that was designed to be distinctive and attractive to potential customers. One particularly striking feature is the use of nogging, which consists of a timber framework infilled with bricks. You see this on quite a few historic cottages in rural Hampshire. In the past its use was simply a method of construction, but here it has been used as a decorative effect, with the bricks arranged in a variety of patterns.
     The pub’s original name was Ye Olde Inne, so perhaps the nogging was part of a plan to give it a historic feel. It was later renamed the Golden Hind after the vessel in which Sir Francis Drake sailed around the world.

 

NELSON MAP FOUND

     A map drawn by Admiral Lord Nelson which shows his plan for the Battle of Trafalgar, has been given to the National Museum of the Royal Navy at Portsmouth. It was discovered inside a scrapbook and is dated 5th September 1805. The map will go on display in the spring.

 

information

YOU HAVE FOUND

OUR MAIN WEBSITE AND

THERE IS ALSO A SUPPLEMENT

ON FACEBOOK WITH LOTS MORE PHOTOGRAPHS AND DESCRIPTIONS

 

 

OPEN MEETINGS

on Tuesdays 12th and 26th

IN THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER 2019 

 

FREE WiFi - FREE PARKING

 

THE NUMBER OF VISITORS TO OUR WEBSITE IN THE PAST WEEK

was 1,607

and has now reached 711,6727

Total updated 11th November, 2019

 

 

*****CELEBRATIONS*****

     Have you notices the number of visitors to our website in the past three weeks? Well, at 15,182 it is the largest number of hits ever to go on Facebook and so we are the new holders of the record, Can anyone beat that?

 

A QUEEN AT 18!

     The 18-year-old reached the throne because although William IV had ten living children, they were all illegitimate and did not count; her uncle George IV also had no legitimate heirs; and her father, the Duke of Kent, had died when she was a baby.
Supporters of the monarchy hoped that the young queen would add vigour and wholesomeness to an institution that had become jaded. She seemed set to satisfy their needs, as an outdoor person with a loud laugh who liked horses, dancing and games.
The young girl was Victoria and she was woken up on 20th June, 1837 to be told that the king, William IV had passed away.

 

 

 

A MOBILE PHONE - YOU MUST BE JOKING!

      A Chinese takeaway, a Wizard of Oz costume and an Argos catalogue are among the bizarre items British people have asked to be buried with, a new study reveals. Other strange coffin keepsakes requested included a fishing rod, a violin, and a pair of clown shoes, the Co-op said, following a study of 500,000 funerals over the past five years. Some people said they would like a torch, an alarm button or a mobile phone beside them.
     The Co-op said the most unusual requests included scones, Toffee Crisp bars, a broomstick, a dustpan and brush, playing cards, a wedding dress and a Russian doll. A spokesman for the study said that “Sometimes those items are sentimental, others choose items specifically to make people laugh, such as a Chinese takeaway. It ca be a real talking point for those left behind.” He added that “British humour rings true as a sixth of people anticipate a great escape, opting for torches and mobile phones”.

 

OCCUPATIONS

housekeeper - Originally this meant the owner of a house. The term later came to mean female head servant who was answerable to the lady of the household and dealt with bedding, cleaning, and the sraff involved.. She was a female version of the house steward.
maskell - Originally a blacksmith who specialised in shoeing horses (1.e. a farrier) but later the title was used to describe an official or a marshall of military forces.
plater - Welder of metal plates in the shipping industry for boilers, ships, sides etc. Also person in a large restaurant or on a cruise ship (e.g. the Titanic) carrying dirty plates to the washer-up or clean plates from the washer-up for re-use.
serf - An agricultural worker, who though not the property of any man, was a virtual slave because of his ties to his lord’s lands. The official line was that though not a slave, they were ‘unfree‘.
soap boiler - A skilled trade as a soap boiler had to know the correct mixtures and ingredients to make a variety of industrial and household soaps using fats, oils, quick-lime, soda and potash as well as the art of perfumery. Soap was once heavily taxed and soap boilers had to inform the excise officers 24 hours before making soap.

 

Print Print | Sitemap
© Staunton Park Genealogy Centre